The Abicana webstore wehicle parts and accessories
Products to increase fitness, beauty, potency and working capacities. Items to help you combat aging and restore youthfull properties in your skin, circulatory system, muscles, joints, digestive system, senses, genitals, brain and nerves.
CAR ACCESSORIES, SPARE PARTS AND TOOLS
Wellcome to this presentation of
some good online stores of automotive equipment, and an eshibision of some of
their products. Please click at the banners or product links to find what you
are looking for or just to get some ideas for enhanceing the comfort or
performance of your car. You can also find banners to enter exiting hobby item
At the bottom of this page you can also find some information about the factors that determine the effect an engine can deliver. Tere is also some information about BMW cars and BMW history.
Good places to buy car equipment
Three good general online stores for vehicle parts and equipment
Here are three good online stores for vehicle parts and eccessories presented. They are all general warehouses with all kind of equipment, but each of them have an especially great inventory of certain type of equipment as indicated.
Autobarn - a great inventory in seat parts, seat and floor covers, internal consoles, car electronics, communication equipment, car radio and video, styling, garage tools, security equipment, wash and grooming, cargo handling and comodities for journeys.
Autoparts Warehouse - a strong inventory of motor parts, transmission parts, cargo handling and most mechanical parts.
Autoanything - Much to find within parts for the electric system, brakes, exhaust system, lightings, mirrors, locks, doors, car body, stearing, fuel system, performance upgrade, wheels, breaks and suspention.
4Wheel Parts - Parts for offroad vehicles and equipment for offroad use - This is a great store of offroad equipment. Here are presented links to some of the products. If you want to browse the whole store to look at more products, you can click at any of the links.
Some product examples
SOME OTHER ITEMS
RC helicopters, airplanes, cars,
electronic sets, chemistry sets, airsoft guns and other hobby items
Vitamins. minerals, anti-oxidants, glyconutrients, noni, acai mangosteen and other supplements
Products against erection problems or to improve male and female sexual, please click here
Naturap products to help for specific common diseases, pleace click here
Skincare, natural drugs for skin problems, quality cosmetics, anti-aging products, fashion
Information resources for our
Here is an article about factors determining motor effect. To find other information resources, please go to this page.
What determines the maximal effect of a car motor
Basicly the maximum effect of a motor is determined by by how much fuel it can burn in each time unit, and its ability to convert the heat produced into energy of motion.
The capasity of the apparatus delivering the air and fuel to the motor, will therefore determine the maximum effect a motor can deliver.There are several methods of increasing this capasity:
* The thicker the air and fuel lines to the motor are, the more freely the air and fuel will flow into the motor.
* By having many walves in the motor cylinders, the air or fuel-air mixture will flow freely into the cylinders and distribute itself evenly in the whole volume of the cylinders in a short time.
* A turbo-charger or compressor can press the air faster into the cylinders by producing a over-pressure.
* By using a cooling device, inter-cooler, between the turbo-charger and the cylinders, the air will be cooled down and get more compact. This will also increase the capasity of air deliverance to the cylinders.
The ability of the motor to take inn and process the air and fuel it is offered, will also determine its maximal effect. This capasity depend on several factors:
* The capasity of the motor to take inn air and fuel will be proportional to the volume of each cylinder, and to the number of cylinders.
* The capasity of taking inn air and fuel will also be propotional to the number of piston strokes and thereby the number of rounds of the crankshaft in each time unit. To achieve the wanted numbr of piston strokes, he gearbox must be set up in such a way that the speed of the wheels gives the desired numbr of piston strokes in the cylinders of the motor.
The heat produced must be converted to motion, for the motor to be effetive. This convertion effectiveness depend on these factors:
* The difference between the volume of the fuel and air mixture when ignited and its volume when the piston is on the bottom is a main factor determining the convertion from heat to energy of motion. This difference is maximized by a high degree of compression.
* The less friction there is inside the motor, the more effctive this convertion also will be. The right kind of oil to lubricate the motor can greatly reduce the friction. By making the cylinders and the pistons broad, the motor can operate with a high number of rounds per time unit without letting the pistons go up and down with a very high speed. Also this trick reduces the friction.
The caracteristics of BMW cars
A basic aim of the BNW company is to combine comfort and material quality with sporty behaviour in the cars they make. Most people having driven BMW cars agree that this is an aim where they succeed well, perhaps they succeed best of all car manufacturers of achieving that special combination.
BMW makes cars with a motor effect that range from average to very high. The combination of sporty tuning and comfort is felt in all models, regardless of motor effect, because a sporty feeling of a car has to do with much more than motor effect.
The sporty feeling and comfort partly originates from a suspension that do not give in when the car is subjected to sidewise or centripetal forces, so that the car is not sloping very much, for example in steep swings.
When the car is subjected to vertical forces, the suspencion gives in to such a degree that the car keeps an even level over the road, but at some point it gets stiff so that the wheels are not mooved too much up and down and so that you feel all the time the properties of the road and can react precisely and appropriately all the time to that properties.
The suspencion of each wheel also react indiviually at the forces, so that all the wheels have a firm grip on the road all the time.
The sporty feeling and comfort also originates from a precise steering that lets you feel the forces acting upon the car, but nevertheless never gets extreemely heavy, noe even when you are swinging very abruptly. It is also due to a steering that never over-react or under-react so that the car allways go in the wanted direction. When you swing very abruptly the steering reacts a little more that the angle of the seering wheel, a recation that actually helps you to get through abrupt swings.
Another factor giving the sporty properties combined with comfort is a prompt motor responce upon changes in the position of the throttle and motors that work well within great ranges of stroke frequences without unpleasant vibration or fuction failur. This way you can do nearly any quick maneuvre at any gear level.
The comfort level also originate from a good isolation from noises originating from the road or from the motor. Most B;W moels also have a design of the cabin, the mirrors and glasses so that you all the time have a very good sight in all directions and all the time are aware of things happening around you.
Of cource all cars have these properties to some extend and some have them in greater extend than BMW, but BMW has succeeded better that most manufacturers in realizing a good combination and compromize between these qualites..
The history of BMW
Founded in 1917 BMW, or Bayerische Motoren
Werke, is an independent German company and manufacturer of automobiles and
motorcycles. BMW is the parent company of the MINI and Rolls-Royce car brands.
The company slogan in English is "The Ultimate Driving Machine" or "Sheer Driving Pleasure".
BMW Headquarters in Munich, Germany.
R32: the first BMW motorcycle
1954 BMW 502 V8 Super
The characteristic paired oval intakes were first seen on the BMW 303 in the early 1930s. Shown here is a BMW 2002.
BMW was founded by Karl Friedrich Rapp originally as an engine manufacturer, Rapp Motor. Bayerische Motoren Werke GmbH was founded as a successor company to Rapp Motor on July 21, 1917. In the beginning the compani concentrated heavily on producing aircraft engines.
Milbertshofen district of Munich was chosen as a site for the plant, apparently because it was close to
the Gustav Otto Flugmaschinenfabrik site. The blue-and-white roundel BMW logo,
which is still used alludes to the white and blue
checkered flag of Bavaria. It is often said to symbolize a spinning white
propeller on a blue-sky background, although this interpretation developed after
the logo was already in use.
In 1916 the company secured a contract to build V12 engines for Austro-Daimler. Needing extra financing, Rapp gained the support of Camillo Castiglioni, Cornelius Jagdmann and Max Friz, the company was reconstituted as the Bayerische Motoren Werke GmbH. Over-expansion caused difficulties; Rapp left and the company was taken over by the Austrian industrialist Franz Josef Popp in 1917, and named BMW AG in 1918.
After World War I, the Treaty of Versailles (1919) prohibited the production of aircraft in Germany. Otto closed his factory and BMW switched to manufacturing railway brakes.
In 1919 BMW designed its first motorcycle engine, used in a model called the Victoria, which was built by a company in Nuremberg.
In 1924 BMW built its first model motorcycle, the R32. This had a 500 cc air-cooled horizontally-opposed engine, a feature that would resonate among their various models for decades to come, albeit with displacement increases and newer technology. The major innovation was the use of a driveshaft instead of a chain to drive the rear wheel. For decades to follow, the shaft-drive boxer engine was the mark of the BMW motorcycle.
In 1927 the tiny Dixi, an Austin Seven produced under licence, began production in Eisenach. BMW bought the Dixi Company the following year, and this became the company's first car, the BMW 3/15. By 1933 BMW was producing cars that could be called truly theirs, offering steadily more advanced I6 sports and saloons (sedans). The pre-war cars culminated in the 327 coupé and convertible, the 328 roadster, fast 2.0 L cars, both very advanced for their time, as well as the upscale 335 luxury sedan.
World War II history
BMW motorcycles, specifically the BMW R12 and the BMW R75 combination were used
extensively by the Aufklärungsabteilung of German panzer and motorised divisions
of the German Army, Waffen SS and Luftwaffe.
BMW was also a major supplier of engines; supplying the Luftwaffe with engines and vehicles, and the Wehrmacht with motorcycles. Planes using the aero-engines included the BMW 801, one of the most powerful available. Over 30,000 were manufactured up to 1945. BMW also researched jet engines, producing the BMW 003, and rocket-based weapons. BMW has admitted to using between 25,000 and 30,000 slave labourers during this period, consisting of both prisoners of war and inmates of infamous concentration camps such as Dachau.
The BMW works were heavily bombed towards the end of the war. Of its sites, those in eastern Germany (Eisenach-Dürrerhof, Wandlitz-Basdorf and Zühlsdorf) were seized by the Soviets. The factory in Munich was largely destroyed.
After the war the Munich factory took some time to restart production in any
volume. BMW was banned from manufacturing for three years by the Allies and did
not produce a motorcycle, the R24, until 1948, and a car model until 1952.
In the east, the company's factory at Eisenach was taken over by the Soviet Awtowelo group which formed finally the Eisenacher Motor-Werke. That company offered "BMWs" for sale until 1951, when the Bavarian company prevented use of the trademarks: the name, the logo and the "double-kidney" radiator grille.
The cars and motorcycles were then branded EMW (Eisenacher Motoren-Werke), production continuing until 1955.
In the west, the BAC, Bristol Aeroplane Company, inspected the factory, and returned to Britain with plans for the 326, 327 and 328 models. These plans, which became official war reparations, along with BMW engineer Fritz Fiedler allowed the newly formed Bristol Cars to produce a new, high-quality sports saloon (sedan), the 400 by 1947, a car so similar to the BMW 327 that it even kept the famous BMW grille.
In 1948 BMW produced its first postwar motorcycle and in 1952 it produced its first passenger car since the war. However, its car models were not commercially successful; models such as the acclaimed BMW 507 and 503 were too expensive to build profitably and were low volume.
By the late 1950s, it was also making bubble-cars such as the Isetta.
In 1959 BMW's management suggested selling the whole concern to Daimler-Benz. Major shareholder, Herbert Quandt was close to agreeing such a deal, but changed his mind at the last minute because of opposition from the workforce and trade unions and advice from the board chairman, Kurt Golda. Instead Quandt increased his share in BMW to 50% against the advice of his bankers, and he was instrumental in turning the company around.
That same year, BMW launched the 700, a small car with an air-cooled, rear-mounted 697 cc boxer engine from the R67 motorcycle. Its bodywork was designed by Giovanni Michelotti and the 2+2 model had a sporty look. There was also a more powerful RS model for racing. Competition successes in the 700 began to secure BMW's reputation for sports sedans.
At the Frankfurt Motor Show in 1961, BMW launched the 1500, a powerful compact sedan, with front disc brakes and four-wheel independent suspension. This modern specification further cemented BMW's reputation for sporting cars. It was the first BMW to officially feature the "Hofmeister kink", the rear window line that has been the hallmark of all BMWs since then.
The "New Class" 1500 was developed into 1600 and 1800 models. In 1966, the two-door version of the 1600 was launched, along with a convertible in 1967. These models were called the '02' series—the 2002 being the most famous—and began the bloodline that later developed into the BMW 3 Series.
By 1963, with the company back on its feet, BMW offered dividends to its shareholders for the first time since before World War II.
By 1966, the Munich plant had reached the limits of its production capacity. Although BMW had initially planned to build an entirely new factory, the company bought the crisis-ridden Hans Glas GmbH with its factories in Dingolfing and Landshut. Both plants were restructured, and in the following decades BMW's largest plant took shape in Dingolfing.
In 1968, BMW launched its large "New Six" sedans, the 2500, 2800, and American Bavaria, and coupés, the 2.5 CS and 2800 CS.
Of major importance to BMW was the arrival of Eberhard von Kuenheim from Daimler-Benz AG. Just 40 years old, he presided over the company's transformation from a national firm with a European-focused reputation into a global brand with international prestige.
Already commercially successful by the mid 60s, in December 1971, BMW moved to the new HQ present in Munich, architecturally modeled after four cylinders.
In 1972, the 5 Series was launched to replace the New Class sedans, with a body styled by Bertone. The new class coupes were replaced by the 3 Series in 1975, and the New Six became the 7 Series in 1977. Thus the three-tier sports sedan range was formed, and BMW essentially followed this formula into the 1990s. Other cars, like the 6 Series coupes that replaced the CS and the M1, were also added to the mix as the market demanded.
From 1970 to 1993, under von Kuenheim, turnover increased 18-fold, car production quadrupled and motorcycle production tripled.
BMW 1955 R67/3 Plunger model motorcycle with classic boxer-motor
(This information and picture are obtained from wikipedia.org, and is therefore free to copy and reuse)