The Abicana
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Natural drugs to revitalize and rejuvenate your skin, circulatory system, joints, muscles, digestive organs, hair growth, mental capacities, body shape, potency, erotic satisfaction and general physiology. Help to get rid of body hair. Innovative slimming solutions. Help for acne and rosacea. Help for men's and women's issues. Products to get better sleep. Products for men and women to amplify sexual feelings, orgasmic responce and all aspects of sexual potency. Help for function problems in the genital and sexual system.

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Email: aquila_grande@yahoo.no

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Jewelry, watches, fashion of high quality

Welcome to this online store where you can find quality jewelry items and watches for an affordable prize. Pleace click on the banners to learn more or buy. Further down there is some information about the chemical and physical structure of gemstones.


Good shops of gemstones and jewelry

jewelry made of robust materials - Jewelry made of extra rough and though noble metals, suited for people of action, like tungsten, zirconium, carbon fiber, titanium, wolfram, stailess steel or ceramic materials containing these elements like  tungsten carbide. You also find jewelry of these materials combined or combined with yellow gold, silver or diamonds. Especially many rough ornates for men.

Men's fashion jewelry



Luxury Italian jewelry, apparel and decors of high artistic value - In this shop you find high class Italian made artworks to wear or carry with you like jewelry ornates, sharfs, belts, caps, hats, bags and shoes. You also find handcraft to decorate your home. There is a great inventory of murano glass artworks. You find artistic products both from worldwide recognized italian houses and from local artists of high quality.

FORZIERI.COM



Exciting fashion, apparel and jewelry - A great category in this shop is exciting and sexy women's fashion for all age groups, including dresses, clothings, swimwear, lingerie, belts and scarves. Another great cathegory is colorful jewelry of artisitic design for affordable prices, and especially adorns to wear over your clothes and thus are easily seen as a part of your porsonal artistic style



A great diamond shop - This shop contains a huge collection of diamond jewelry of all shapes and fit for all occations. The shop also has a lot of jewelry with other types of gemstones.

Shop SuperJeweler - Huge Discounts



Quality watches for reduced prices - lowest prices guaranteed - In this store you can find many quality watch brands for a good prize, like: Citizen watches (Citizen Eco Drive watches and more), Seiko watches (Seiko kinetic watches, Seiko automatic watches, and more), Movado watches, Luminox watches (Luminox Navy SEAL watches and more), and Invicta watches.

Lowest Prices - Guaranteed!  DiscountWatchStore.com




Some of the jewelry products and watches exhibited


Heather Hawkins - Radiate Gemstone Ring - Black Spinel

Heather Hawkins - Radiate Gemstone Ring - Black Spinel

15mm Black Spinel cabochon set in a 4 prong setting made of sterling silver plated in your choice of 18K yellow gold vermeil (shown), or white gold rhodium. Also available in pure 14k Yellow Gold, Rose Gold, or White Gold. Sizes available: 6, 7, and 8. Made in USA. Please allow up to 3-5 business days for processing.




PalmBeach Jewelry 5487410 Princess-Cut Birthstone Pendant Necklace in 10k Gold October - Simulated Tourmaline

PalmBeach Jewelry 5487410 Princess-Cut Birthstone Pendant Necklace in 10k Gold October - Simulated Tourmaline

Treat yourself or friend or family member to instant princess status with this princess-cut birthstone pendant. A contemporary style that suits every age and fashion taste. Comes with its own 18 in. chain.

Features
  • Month - October
  • Style - Solitaire
  • Plating - 10k Yellow Gold
  • Stone type - Tourmaline




10k Yellow Gold Oval Blue Topaz And Diamond Three Stone Ring

10k Yellow Gold Oval Blue Topaz And Diamond Three Stone Ring

This 10k yellow gold oval blue topaz and diamond three stone ring features a 5x3 mm / 4x3 mm genuine natural blue topaz with a 0.55 ct total weight.




PalmBeach Jewelry 548276 Round Deep Sea Blue Spinel Ring in Silvertone Size 6

PalmBeach Jewelry 548276 Round Deep Sea Blue Spinel Ring in Silvertone Size 6

You don't have to dive deep to find this type of beauty. The glistening deep sea blue of the remarkable spinel stone is repeated in a classic row design. Silvertone.

Features
  • Theme - Cocktail.
  • Metal - Silvertone.
  • Main Stone Type - Spinel.
  • Size - 6




1 1/2 Carat Oval Shape Garnet and Halo Diamond Necklace In 10 Karat White Gold With 18 Inch Chain

1 1/2 Carat Oval Shape Garnet and Halo Diamond Necklace In 10 Karat White Gold With 18 Inch Chain

This stunning gemstone and halo diamond necklace features one 8x6mm oval shape garnet gemstone at 1.50 carats. It is surrounded by 20 sparkling diamonds in I-J color, I1-I2 clarity at 0.14 carats. Total gem weight is 1.64 carats. This necklace is crafted in 10 karat white gold and comes with an 18 inch cable chain with spring ring clasp.




24 Carat Pink Tourmaline Triple Strand Beaded Necklace In 14K Yellow Gold, 26 Inches

24 Carat Pink Tourmaline Triple Strand Beaded Necklace In 14K Yellow Gold, 26 Inches

This gorgeous necklace features 4 round pink tourmaline stones, 1 pear shape pink tourmaline stone, and tiny accent multi-colored tourmaline stones all along the chain. The pear shape pink tourmaline in the center measures about 3/4 inch. The entire chain is in 14 karat yellow gold over sterling silver and has a secure, lobster-claw clasp. Chain lengths are 20, 22 and 26 inches.




Large Crystal Stone Ring

Large Crystal Stone Ring

A bold statement this stylish ring features brightly colored crystals surrounding a large smoky blue crystal. One size only: approximately 8 US. Signature box included. Made in Italy.




PalmBeach Jewelry 5257710 Agate and Crystal Accent Bead Birthstone Stretch Bracelet 8 October - Simulated Tourmaline

PalmBeach Jewelry 5257710 Agate and Crystal Accent Bead Birthstone Stretch Bracelet 8 October - Simulated Tourmaline

Highlight your birth month with this stretchy birthstone bracelet. Features genuine exotic agate beads in your birth month color accented by color coordinated crystal encrusted beads. 8 in. length. Specify 1 birth month.

Features
  • Month - October
  • Style - Stretch
  • Plating - No Metal
  • Stone type - Tourmaline




Berry Ring&#44; <b>Size :</b> 05

Berry Ring&#44; Size : 05

White Gold Rhodium Bonded to .925 Sterling Silver Ring with a Faceted Cushion Cut Pink Tourmaline CZ Center Stone and Round Cut Clear CZ Accents in Silvertone
The Berry Ring is an amazing addition to any wardrobe. This piece has that glitz as well as the simplicity needed for daily errands. Look for the matching earrings and pendant too. White Gold Rhodium Bond is achieved using an electroplating process that coats the item with heavy layers of rhodium a close cousin of platinum that costs three times as much which gives our jewelry a platinum luster.
Base




Woman Agate Cameo 18K Gold Ring

Woman Agate Cameo 18K Gold Ring

18K gold agate Cornelian cameo ring by Del Gatto using age-old artisan techniques to sculpt the image on Cornelian shell featuring woman's face in profile. Made in Naples Italy. Signature box included.




AzureGreen GPENMA Malachite Pendulum

AzureGreen GPENMA Malachite Pendulum

Features

  • A simple conical bob pendulum carved from Malachite and polished to show off the complex grain patterns of this wonderful stone.
  • The fob at the end of the chain is made up of seven chips chosen randomly from different stones to represent the seven Chakras.
  • Bob - 1 1/4 x 1/2 in.
  • Overall length - 8 in.




PalmBeach Jewelry 4837412 Mens Genuine Onyx Diamond Accent 18k Yellow Gold Over Sterling Silver Rectangular Ring - Size 12

PalmBeach Jewelry 4837412 Mens Genuine Onyx Diamond Accent 18k Yellow Gold Over Sterling Silver Rectangular Ring - Size 12

Inspired by contemporary fashions this smart and streamlined men's rectangular-shaped onyx ring is accented with round diamond accents in the front and to the side of the band. Exceptional styling in two-tone finish. 18k gold over sterling silver.




Judaica Kingdom BZ-EJ-P172M-1 Ethnic Pendants and Pins - Drop Shaped Ethnic Pendant with Stone Malachite - as shown

Judaica Kingdom BZ-EJ-P172M-1 Ethnic Pendants and Pins - Drop Shaped Ethnic Pendant with Stone Malachite - as shown

925 silver ethnic pendant. Stately & grandiose this magnificent handmade pendulous necklace is reminiscent of an era filled with beauty & grandeur. Different stones available upon order. *Handcrafted in Israel*




PalmBeach Jewelry 447419 Sterling Silver 14-Piece Interchangeable Multi-Stone Ring Set Size 9

PalmBeach Jewelry 447419 Sterling Silver 14-Piece Interchangeable Multi-Stone Ring Set Size 9

So much fashion so many choices. This ingenious ring set lets you customize your look with 13 individual interchangeable stones that pop in and out to mix or match any outfit. Includes chalcedony rose quartz tiger's - eye aventurine and multi - colored simulated cat's - eye beads. Designed in sterling silver. Comes with a beautiful presentation gift box.

Features
  • Style - Novelty.
  • Plating - Sterling Silver.
  • Stone type - Agate.
  • Size - 9 in.




Rope Design Pink Topaz and Diamond Pendant in 14k Yellow Gold

Rope Design Pink Topaz and Diamond Pendant in 14k Yellow Gold

Intelligent and simplified is exactly describes this 2.16ct Pink Topaz and Diamond pendant! The cushion cut, beautiful pink topaz is paired with 33 of SuperJeweler's quality round diamonds, I/J Color, and I2 Clarity. It even comes with a complementary 18-inch chain.




Enormous Pink Topaz and Diamond Pendant in 14k White Gold

Enormous Pink Topaz and Diamond Pendant in 14k White Gold

Featuring a huge 6 1/2ct Pink Topaz and over 100 diamonds, each individually hand set for maximum security, this is one statement piece of jewelry. A total of 7cts of diamonds and pink topaz. SuperJeweler's nice diamond quality, I/J in color, I2 in clarity, and an enormous vibrant pink topaz. You cannot imagine what a showpiece this is. 14k white gold. It even comes with a complementary 18-inch chain.




2ct Cushion Blue Topaz and Diamond Pendant in 10k White Gold

2ct Cushion Blue Topaz and Diamond Pendant in 10k White Gold

10k white gold, 1 3/4ct total gem weight cushion cut blue topaz and diamond pendant. Diamond content is .02ct in I/J color and I2 clarity. It even comes with a complementary 18-inch chain.




14ct Emerald and Diamond Bracelet

14ct Emerald and Diamond Bracelet

Whether you''re going to work, or out for a night on the town, this is the perfect bracelet for you! This sterling silver emerald and diamond bracelet has a total gem weight of an astounding 14 carats. Diamond content is .1 carat in J/K color, I1 clarity.




Agate and Carnelian 18K Gold Cufflinks

Agate and Carnelian 18K Gold Cufflinks

Based on a design from the 1950s these classic agate carnelian and 18K gold cufflinks are sure to catch the eye. Signature box included. Made in Italy.




1ct Emerald and Diamond Earrings in 10k White Gold

1ct Emerald and Diamond Earrings in 10k White Gold

Perfect and petite emerald and diamond earrings crafted in 10 karat white gold. Featuring 2 emerald-cut emerald gemstone and 2 fiery diamonds, these are great May emerald birthstone earrings for may babies or for green lovers! Diamond color is H/I, diamond clarity is I2.




1 3/4ct Emerald Shape Peridot and Diamond Necklace In White Gold, 18 Inches

1 3/4ct Emerald Shape Peridot and Diamond Necklace In White Gold, 18 Inches

This gorgeous peridot necklace makes an elegant statement. This necklace features a 1.70 carat emerald shape period surrounded by a halo of diamonds. Total diamond weight is 0.08ct in J-K color, I1-I2 clarity, and total gem weight is 1.78 carats. The peridot is 8x6mm, measuring about 1/3 inch. This necklace is crafted in solid 10 karat white gold and hangs on an 18 inch lace chain with a spring ring clasp.




Fine quality 4.86ct Emerald and Diamond Bracelet in 14k White Gold

Fine quality 4.86ct Emerald and Diamond Bracelet in 14k White Gold

Who says you can't combine emerald jewelry and diamond tennis bracelets? This very fine 4.86 carat total gem weight emerald and diamond line style tennis bracelet is mounted in 14 karat white gold. Featuring 33 fine H/I color SI2 clarity diamonds and 32 top quality excellent emeralds. It's not just fine gemstone jewelry, it's an heirloom.




Rope Design Blue Topaz and Diamond Pendant in 14k White Gold

Rope Design Blue Topaz and Diamond Pendant in 14k White Gold

Intelligent and simplified is exactly describes this 2.16ct Blue Topaz and Diamond pendant! The cushion cut, beautiful blue topaz is paired with 33 of SuperJeweler's quality round diamonds, I/J Color, and I2 Clarity. It even comes with a complementary 18-inch chain.




2 Carat Created Emerald Leverback Earrings

2 Carat Created Emerald Leverback Earrings

Stunning 2 carat emerald shape emerald earrings. These earrings feature 2 emerald shape emerald stones, each measuring 7x5 mm. These earrings have secure leverbacks and are crafted in solid sterling silver.




2 1/2ct Diamond Size Black Spinel Stud Earrings in Sterling Silver

2 1/2ct Diamond Size Black Spinel Stud Earrings in Sterling Silver

2 1/2ct Diamond Size Black Spinel Stud Earrings in Sterling Silver. Want black diamond stud earrings, but not so hot spending so much money? These Black Spinel Stud Earrings in solid sterling silver look exactly like black diamonds, but at a fraction of the price. Total gem weight is 2 1/2 carat.




1/4ct Oval Opal And Diamond Ring in 10k Yellow Gold

1/4ct Oval Opal And Diamond Ring in 10k Yellow Gold

10k yellow gold oval opal and diamond ring featurings a 6x4 mm genuine natural opal with a 1/4 carat total weight. Diamond content is .04 carats in H/I color, I2 clarity.




.60ct Blue Sapphire Stud Earrings in 14k Yellow Gold

.60ct Blue Sapphire Stud Earrings in 14k Yellow Gold

For all of you September Birthstone babies, here are the perfect round cut solitaire blue sapphire stud earrings mounted in solid 14 karat yellow gold mountings, with friction earring backs.





Some good beauty care and health care products

Balance point - A blending of all vitamins, minerals and anti-oxidants you need to be healthy - This blending of vitamins, minerals and tissue-protecting anti-oxidants do not only contain those nutrients you find in the usual commercial vitamine and mineral products, but the formula also provides all these substances you need in tiny measures, and therefore is often forgot to include in the usual products. Furthermore it contains several natural substances that are not vitamins and minerals in the strict sense, but has shown to make the body work better and give enhanced energy.

Click here to learn more or buy - Multivitamin: Balance Point for Men

Click here to learn more or buy - Multivitamin: balance Point for Women


Instantwriclereduser - a serum for the skin to instantly reduce wrincles and give it a smooth young look - This topical serum contains a peptid that works in the same way as botox. It makes wrincling cramps in the fine muscles under the skin cease. The serum also helps the skin to ratain moisture better, which also takes away wricles. The full effect lasts around 8 hours.




To get strong allertness, stromg thinking agility and excellent memory functions - Brain Pills - These pills contain natural nutritions and stimulants for the brain power and to recuperate from brain weakening due to age, exhausting daily life or faulty nutrition. The pills will make you more allert, better to concentrate, remember better and better to solve problems.




StrawberryNET.com - All products of all major brands of cometics, make-up and skin care for favourable prices




An effective and clinically verified cream to reduce scars and consequences of skin injuries




An effective and clinically proven cream to reduce wricles and aging signs




Natural products to rejuvenate your skin, your body appearance and your physiology - Please choose that of the following good and clinically tested rejuvenation products that fits your need best. By going through the links you will find a thorrough decription of each product.:

A generally working natural rejuvenation drug:



Drug to stimulate rejuvenation of the skin.



A product for men to achieve a more vigorous production of male sex hormones, that can increase the sthrength of all sexual functions, make a man feel more vigorous and make it easier to build muscles:



A natural drug for men from the middle ages and above to reestablish capacities of the sexual life:




VigRXPlus - Capsules for men based on herbal extracts to stimulate the penis to erect longer and thicker, to increase the potency for erection all day and night and to increase the good sexual drive and feelings in the intimate parts and the mind - please click here


Provestra - Herbal capsules for women to enhance the sexual drive and good feelings in the genitals, to make the clitoris and vulva engorge better during excitement, to make more lubricating secretions, enhance potency for orgasm, reduce distress in heavy periods like the menstruation, and give these effects all day and night - please go here




For make-up, skin-care and anti-aging products, please click here




Useful information

About noble metals

Properties and definitions about gemstones

Chemistry and physics of gemstones - down on this page

About the minerals and gemstones in the quarts group

Gemstones in the corundum group - rubines and saphires

Beryl group gemstones, garnets, topaz

What characterizes dive watche

Tourmaline group gemstones

Lapiz lazul

How does gemstones get their colours

About perls and nacre




About gemstone structure - the chemistry and physics of gemstones

A stone consists of one mineral or more minerals glued together. A mineral is a solid piece with a uniform chemical composition. Minerals can be divided in the cathegories crystaline minerals, glasses, fibrous minerals and flake minerals.


CRYSTALLINE MINERALS

In a crystaline mineral, molecules, atomes or ions are arranged into bigger threedimensional objects in a regular fasion, giving also these object a regular form. Each object is called a crystal. The chemical binding within each crystal can vary.

Crystals often consists of atoms bounded together with covalent bridges, polar covalent bridges or ionic bridges, so that the whole crystal is actually an enormous molecule. Most minerals actually are of this kind. Diamonds is a very typical example of this.

In other crystals there are molecules with atoms bound together with covalent or polar covalent bridges. The molecules again are bound together with electrostatic attraction between parts of the molecules with opposite electrical polarity, or are attracted by Can.Der-Waals forces.

The crystals can be of various shape. Crystals are cathegorized acording to their shape an the way the atoms or mulecules fit together inside the crystals. The way atoms or molecules in the crystal are bound together determine the outer shape of a crystal.

Crystals are either formed from solutions of substances in water or when a molten material cools. If there is no physical hinderance during the crystallisation process, the crystals wil get a regular shape, and can grow to a big piece. However, often several crystals form togeher, and at some point they will hinder the growth of each other. The result will then be a piece consisting of many crystals with an irregular shape. Sometimesthes crystals under growth will be fastend to a surface and grow out from this surface. Internal cavities in a rock will often be covered with crystals grown out in this way.

The crystals are again glued together with electrostatic attraction between adjacent oppositely electrical loaded parts on their surface, but the attractive forces between the crystals are less than those within the crystals.


GLASSES

In a glass, there are small or bigger molecules of a uniform shape where atoms are bound together with covalent or polar-covalent bounds. The molecules are again bound together by electrostatic forces between parts of the molecules with opposite electric charge, but they are not grouped together in a regular fashion.


FIBROUS SEMICRYSTALLINE MINERALS

In a fibrous semicrystalline mineral, there are long thredlike molecules. These can be of various length. In these molecules atoms are bound together with covalent or polar-covalent bridges.

The long molecules are again bound together by electrostatic forces between parts of the molecules with opposite electric chage, and the molecules are arranged in a more or less regular fashion along each other into bigger objects. This fasion is so regular that the objects form this way is a sort of a crystal.

These objects can fairly easily be split along the direction of the fibres, sometimes into fine threads. These threads can even be used to spin clothes or fabric from. An example of this is asbestos.


FIBROUS GLASSES

In a fibrous glass, there are long thredlike molecules. These can be of various length. In these molecules atoms are bound together with covalent or polar-covalent bridges.

The long molecules are again bound together by electrostatic forces between parts of the molecules with opposite electric chage, but the fibres are lumped together and threaded around each other withoutany order.

A fibrous glass cannot easily be split up in threads.


FLAKE MINERALS

In a flake mineral, there are flat molecules of various size, sometimes with a very large areal, called flakes. In these flakes atoms are bound together with covalent or polar-covalent bridges.

The flakes are again piled upon each other and bound together by electrostatic forces between parts of the flakes with opposite electric chage. This fasion is so regular that the objects form this way is a sort of a crystal.

These objects can fairly easily be split along the direction of the fibres, sometimes into fine threads. These threads can even be used to spin clothes or fabric from. An example of this is asbestos.


SOME PROPERTIES FOUND IN MINERALS

Foreign molecules that do not form a regular part of the framework may also be dispersed in the crystal or glass.

The stable color of a mineral is either due to the colour of the basic crystal framework, or due to foreign molechules.

Colour can also be due to breaking of the light in a crystal, like the colour play in diamonds, or be due to interference in the framework. Colour due to these effects will generally vary with the light falling onto the stone or with the angle one sees the stone from.


CHEMICAL CLASSIFICATION OF MINERALS AND GEMSTONES

Chemically minerals can be divided in these main types:

- Pure non-metallic elements, like diamonds and graphite that consist only of carbone. Sulphur also is an element found in the pure form.

- Pure metallic elements: Only gold, silver and sometimes copper is found as pure unbound metals.

- Compositions of one or more metal elements (or half-metal elements) and one or more electro-negative element. The electro-negative element can be oxygen, halogen, sulphate, phosphate, silicate and many others. This is the most abundant type. The bindig between these elements will be either ionic or polar covalent.

- Compositions of elements of more or less the same elctronegativity or electropositivity.

- Water or other polar elements can be trapped in a crystal lattice between the other elements and contribute to the structure or propertis of the lattice.

All these properties of minerals also are properties of gemstones. What distinguishes a gemstone from other minerals are actully these factors: They look nice, they are hard and durable and they have a consistance that makes it possible to cut and form them.


THE PHYSICAL STRENGTH OF MINERALS AND GEMSTONES

The physial strength is an important property of minerals and also gemstones. The strengh is a fuction of the type of binding in the crystal.

A crystal consisting or atoms bound together in a continous threedimmensional framework with covalent binding tend to be the strongest. The most typical example is diamonds. A diamond is actially a gigant molecule of carbon atoms bound together with covalent bounds.

Another good example is corundum (rubys and saphirs). A corundum crystal consists of aluminum and oxygen bound together with polar covalent bindings. When the crystal consists of molecules, the molecules are not bound so strongly together and the crystal gets less strong.

Firbous minerals and flake minerals are usually very strong for cleavage in some directions and less strong in other directions.

Also crystals consisting of atoms bound together have different strength in different directions. By excering force in a direction where the force encounters few covalent bonds, cleavage more esily occure than in directions where many covalent bonds must be broken.

Glasses can be strong because the molecules in the glass are not only attracted to each other, but also are twinned into each other. By excerting force in any direction, one must either brake covalent bonds or one must pull intertwinned molecules of out from other.

Because glasses do not have eny regular oredering of the molecules, glasses do not break up easily along given olanes and the boken surface of glasses tend to be irregular.